Ventilation and brain blood flow (BBF) were simultaneously measured during carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation in awake and sleeping goats up to HbCO levels of 40%. Unilateral BBF, which was continuously measured with an electromagnetic flow probe placed around the internal maxillary artery, progressively increased with CO inhalation in the awake and both sleep stages. The increase in BBF with CO inhalation during rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep (ΔBBF/Δ arterial O2 saturation = 1.34 ± 0.27 ml·min-1·%-1) was significantly greater than that manifested during wakefulness (0.87 ± 0.14) or slow-wave sleep (0.92 ± 0.13). Ventilation was depressed by CO inhalation during both sleep stages but was unchanged from base-line values in awake goats. In contrast to slow-wave (non-REM) sleep, the ventilatory depression of REM sleep was primarily due to a reduction in tidal volume. Since tidal volume is more closely linked to central chemoreceptor function, we believe that these data suggest a possible role of the increased cerebral perfusion during hypoxic REM sleep. Induction of relative tissue alkalosis at the vicinity of the medullary chemoreceptor may contribute to the ventilatory depression exhibited during this sleep period.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)