We show that the correlation functions of a system of hard ellipsoids whose axes are constrained to be parallel are simply related to the corresponding functions of a hard sphere fluid with the same packing fraction. The existence of simple, accurate approximations for the latter system make the oriented ellipsoid fluid a suitable’reference system‘for the nematically ordered phase of liquid crystals and other orientationally ordered molecular fluids such as polar fluids in an external field. The properties of such fluids, with a given angular distribution f(ω), may then be obtained via ‘standard’ perturbation theory. Methods for obtaining f(ω) near the perfectly ordered state are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry