An FT-IR spectrophotometer has been interfaced to a miniaturized surface film apparatus for external reflection studies of insoluble monolayers in situ at the air/water interface. Signal-to-noise ratios of 200:1 were routinely achieved for the CH2 stretching vibrations of phospholipids. We have monitored, using the acyl chain symmetric CH2 stretching frequency near 2850 cm-1 as a structural probe, lipid conformational order changes that occur during the surface pressure-induced two-dimensional phase transition in monolayers of 1,2-dipalmitoylphosphatidylserine. In addition, the small volume of the miniaturized film apparatus (30 mL) permitted replacement of H2O with D2O in the subphase. This capability, in turn, permits the acquisition of spectral data in the amide I region of proteins. We report the first external reflection FT-IR spectrum of an insoluble protein monolayer. The protein studied is pulmonary surfactant SP-C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Spectroscopic techniques
- Surface analysis