High-resolution proton and phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance studies are reported on the self-complementary d(C1-G2-N3-G4-A5-A6-T7-T8-C9-O6meG10-C11-G12) duplexes (henceforth called O6meG·A 12-mer when N3 = A3 and O6meG·G 12-mer when N3 = G3), which contain symmetry-related A3·O6meG10 and G3·O6meG10 interactions in the interior of the helices. We observe inter-base-pair nuclear Overhauser effects (NOE) between the base protons at the N3·O6meG10 modification site and protons of flanking G2·C11 and G4·C9 base-pairs, indicative of the stacking of N3 and O6meG10 bases in both O6meG·A 12-mer and O6meG·G 12-mer duplexes. We have assigned all the base and a majority of the sugar protons from two-dimensional proton-correlated and nuclear Overhauser effect experiments on the O6meG·A 12-mer duplex and O6meG·G 12-mer duplex in solution. The observed NOEs establish that the A3 and O6meG10 at the modification site and all other residues adopt the anti configuration about the glycosidic bond, and that the O6meG·A 12-mer forms a right-handed duplex. The interaction between the bulky purine A3 and O6meG10 residues in the anti orientation results in large proton chemical shift perturbations at the (G2-A3-G4)·(C9-O6meG10-C11) segments of the helix. By contrast, we demonstrate that the O6meG10 residue adopts a syn configuration, while all other bases adopt an anti configuration about the glycosidic bond in the right-handed O6meG·G 12-mer duplex. This results in altered NOE patterns between the base protons of O6meG10 and the base and sugar protons of flanking C9 and C11 residues in the O6meG·G 12-mer duplex. The phosphorus backbone is perturbed at the modification site in both duplexes, since the phosphorus resonances are dispersed over 2 parts per million in the O6meG·A 12-mer and over 1 part per million in the O6meG·G 12-mer compared to a 0·5 part per million dispersion for an unperturbed DNA helix. We propose tentative pairing schemes for the A3·O6meG10 and C3·O6meG10 interactions in the above dodecanucleotide duplexes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology