Craniorachischisis with Exencephaly

Jessenia Guerrero, Debra S. Heller, Ada Baisre de Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Neural tube defects can be as mild as spina bifida, to as severe as anencephaly, with only a fraction of these cases presenting as both craniorachischisis and exencephaly. Case report: The G3, P1011 mother was 25-years old, who at an estimated fetal gestational age of 17 weeks had a fetal diagnosis of anencephaly based on a sonogram, resulting in elective pregnancy termination. The female fetus had an open neural tube defect, consisting of craniorachischisis and exencephaly. No abnormalities were noted in any other organs. Conclusion: Although mostly associated with anencephaly, craniorachischisis can also be associated with exencephaly in early pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFetal and Pediatric Pathology
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


  • anencephaly
  • craniorachischisis
  • exencephaly
  • fetal pathology
  • neural tube defect

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