Crossed apraxia: Implications for handedness

A. M. Raymer, A. S. Merians, J. C. Adair, R. L. Schwartz, D. J.G. Williamson, L. J.G. Rothi, H. Poizner, K. M. Heilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Liepmann posited that right hand preference relates to left hemisphere dominance for learned skilled movements. Limb apraxia, impairment of skilled movement, typically occurs in individuals with left hemisphere (LH) lesions. The occurrence of apraxia in right-handed individuals following right-hemisphere lesions appears to refute Liepmann's hypothesis. We studied the apraxia of a right-handed man, RF, following a right frontal lesion to determine whether his apraxia paralleled the apraxia seen following LH lesions. Results of behavioral testing indicated that, like individuals with apraxia following left frontal lesions, RF was better at gesture recognition than gesture production which was significantly impaired across tasks. Kinematic motion analyses of movement linearity, planarity, and the coupling of temporospatial aspects of movements substantiated the parallel impairments in RF and patients with LH apraxia. The impairment seen in our patient with crossed apraxia provides evidence for the fractionation of systems underlying hand preference and skilled movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-199
Number of pages17
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


  • Handedness
  • Kinematics
  • Limb apraxia

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