Crystal field excitations in the Raman spectra of Fe Se1 - x

Z. Qin, C. Zhang, Sean O'Malley, K. Lo, T. Zhou, Sang-Wook Cheong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Raman spectra of polycrystalline Fe Se1 - x (x ∼ 0.03) with a superconducting transition temperature of 9 K have been measured from room temperature down to 5 K. A mode at about 185 cm- 1 is observed throughout the whole temperature range. It is assigned as the B1 g phonon mode. This phonon mode hardens with decreasing temperature, but undergoes no noticeable change across both the structural phase transition and the superconducting transition, similar to the Raman phonon modes observed in the 1111 and 122 systems. Surprisingly, we also observed several additional Raman modes between 200 and 700 cm-1, which we assigned as due to the crystal field excitations of the 3d electrons in Fe2 + ions. These modes undergo abrupt change near the structural phase transition around 100 K, but do not exhibit much change across the superconducting transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-771
Number of pages4
JournalSolid State Communications
Volume150
Issue number15-16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

Fingerprint

crystal field theory
Raman scattering
Raman spectra
Crystals
Phase transitions
excitation
Temperature
Superconducting transition temperature
Ions
Electrons
transition temperature
temperature
room temperature
ions
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • A. Superconductors
  • D. Crystal field excitations
  • E. Raman scattering

Cite this

Qin, Z. ; Zhang, C. ; O'Malley, Sean ; Lo, K. ; Zhou, T. ; Cheong, Sang-Wook. / Crystal field excitations in the Raman spectra of Fe Se1 - x. In: Solid State Communications. 2010 ; Vol. 150, No. 15-16. pp. 768-771.
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Crystal field excitations in the Raman spectra of Fe Se1 - x. / Qin, Z.; Zhang, C.; O'Malley, Sean; Lo, K.; Zhou, T.; Cheong, Sang-Wook.

In: Solid State Communications, Vol. 150, No. 15-16, 01.04.2010, p. 768-771.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crystal field excitations in the Raman spectra of Fe Se1 - x

AU - Qin, Z.

AU - Zhang, C.

AU - O'Malley, Sean

AU - Lo, K.

AU - Zhou, T.

AU - Cheong, Sang-Wook

PY - 2010/4/1

Y1 - 2010/4/1

N2 - Raman spectra of polycrystalline Fe Se1 - x (x ∼ 0.03) with a superconducting transition temperature of 9 K have been measured from room temperature down to 5 K. A mode at about 185 cm- 1 is observed throughout the whole temperature range. It is assigned as the B1 g phonon mode. This phonon mode hardens with decreasing temperature, but undergoes no noticeable change across both the structural phase transition and the superconducting transition, similar to the Raman phonon modes observed in the 1111 and 122 systems. Surprisingly, we also observed several additional Raman modes between 200 and 700 cm-1, which we assigned as due to the crystal field excitations of the 3d electrons in Fe2 + ions. These modes undergo abrupt change near the structural phase transition around 100 K, but do not exhibit much change across the superconducting transition.

AB - Raman spectra of polycrystalline Fe Se1 - x (x ∼ 0.03) with a superconducting transition temperature of 9 K have been measured from room temperature down to 5 K. A mode at about 185 cm- 1 is observed throughout the whole temperature range. It is assigned as the B1 g phonon mode. This phonon mode hardens with decreasing temperature, but undergoes no noticeable change across both the structural phase transition and the superconducting transition, similar to the Raman phonon modes observed in the 1111 and 122 systems. Surprisingly, we also observed several additional Raman modes between 200 and 700 cm-1, which we assigned as due to the crystal field excitations of the 3d electrons in Fe2 + ions. These modes undergo abrupt change near the structural phase transition around 100 K, but do not exhibit much change across the superconducting transition.

KW - A. Superconductors

KW - D. Crystal field excitations

KW - E. Raman scattering

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