Crystal growth and electrical properties of lithium, rubidium, and cesium molybdenum oxide bronzes

Pierre Strobel, Martha Greenblatt

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44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crystals of Li0.33 MoO3 (blue), Rb0.23MoO3 (blue) and Cs0.31MoO3 (red) were grown by electrolysis from MoO3{single bond}M2MoO4 melts (M =alkali metal) with composition 70-77 mole% MoO3. Melts richer in M2MoO4 produced MoO2 only. Correlation is made between bronze formation and the coordination of Mo in the melt and in the equilibrium solid phase M2Mo4O13. Li0.33MoO3 and Cs0.31MoO3 are semiconductors with high-temperature-range activation energies 0.16 and 0.12 eV. Rb0.23MoO3 has an electrical behavior similar to that of blue KxMoO3 with a semiconductor-metal transition at (170 ± 5) K. ESR spectra observed in Li0.33MoO3 and Rb0.23MoO3 single crystals at 4.2 K show extensive delocalization of the 4d1 electron associated with Mo(V) centers. Attempts to grow molybdenum bronzes containing Ca or Y were unsuccessful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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