De novo synthesis of adenine nucleotides in different skeletal muscle fiber types

P. C. Tullson, H. B. John-Alder, D. A. Hood, R. L. Terjung

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Management of adenine nucleotide catabolism differs among skeletal muscle fiber types. This study evaluated whether there are corresponding differences in the rates of de novo synthesis of adenine nucleotide among fiber type sections of skeletal muscle using an isolated perfused rat hindquarter preparation. Label incorporation into adenine nucleotides from the [1-14C]glycine precursor was determined and used to calculate synthesis rates based on the intracellular glycine specific radioactivity. Results show that intracellular glycine is closely related to the direct precursor pool. Rates of de novo synthesis were highest in fast-twitch red muscle (57.0 ± 4.0, 58.2 ± 4.4 nmol·h-1·g-1; deep red gastrocnemius and vastus lateralis), relatively high in slow-twitch red muscle (47.0 ± 3.1; soleus), and low in fast-twitch white muscle (26.1 ± 2.0 and 21.6 ± 2.3; superficial white gastrocnemius and vastus lateralis). Rates for four mixed muscles were intermediate, ranging between 32.3 and 37.3. Specific de novo synthesis rates exhibited a strong correlation (r = 0.986) with muscle section citrate synthase activity. Turnover rates (de novo synthesis rate/adenine nucleotide pool size) were highest in high oxidative muscle (0.82-1.06%/h), lowest in low oxidative muscle (0.30-0.35 %/h), and intermediate in mixed muscle (0.44-0.55 %/h). Our results demonstrate that differences in adenine nucleotide management among fiber types extends to the process of de novo adenine nucleotide synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24/3
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume255
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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