Decadal trends in phytoplankton communities along a rapidly changing West Antarctic Peninsula

Oscar Schofield, Michael Brown, Filipa Carvahlo, Nicole Couto, Michael Crowley, Travis Miles, Schulyer Nardelli, Nicole Waite, Grace Saba

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) is associated with large phytoplankton blooms that are dominated by large (<20 microns) diatoms however, nanoplankton (>20 microns) are also an important component in the phytoplankton community. The dominant nanoflagellate in the WAP has been suggested to be cryptomonad algae. Using a twenty-year time series collected by the Palmer Long Term Ecological Research (Pal LTER) program, we assessed long-term patterns and stability in the coastal phytoplankton communities in the WAP. There was significant interannual variability in the integrated water column chlorophyll a (chl-a) concentrations, which varied by a factor of 5 over the 20-year time series. Within the time series the dominant phytoplankton taxa were diatoms, with the second most abundant phytoplankton taxa present being cryptophyes. While diatoms were observed over the full range of observed salinities (34.5 to 32) as well as over the full range of in situ temperatures (-1.5 to 2.5° C), the cryptophyte populations were observed in lower salinity (33.75 to 32.5) and colder water (-1 to 1° C) for the local time series at Palmer Station. This pattern was not observed for the ship spatial time series data, which might reflect the species diversity in the cryptophyte species between northern and southern waters of the WAP. Regardless, diatoms and cryptophytes were inversely related to each other across the entire WAP. Years when environmental factors favor water column stability, there are anomalously large summer diatom blooms. Consistent with modeling studies this suggests a potential shift to multivorous food web, which has significant ecological and biogeochemical implications, such as decreased efficiency of atmospheric carbon sequesteration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOCEANS 2017 � Anchorage
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780692946909
StatePublished - Dec 19 2017
EventOCEANS 2017 - Anchorage - Anchorage, United States
Duration: Sep 18 2017Sep 21 2017

Publication series

NameOCEANS 2017 - Anchorage
Volume2017-January

Other

OtherOCEANS 2017 - Anchorage
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAnchorage
Period9/18/179/21/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Instrumentation
  • Ocean Engineering

Keywords

  • phytoplankton
  • polar science

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