Decarbonylative Sonogashira cross-coupling: A fruitful marriage of alkynes with carboxylic acid electrophiles

Chengwei Liu, Michal Szostak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Sonogashira cross-coupling is one of the most fundamental C-C bond-forming reactions, wherein the strategic value of an alkyne moiety has found widespread applications at the frontiers of organic chemistry, materials science and drug discovery as the cornerstone building block of chemical synthesis. Although traditional variants of Sonogashira cross-coupling involve aryl halides and pseudohalides as electrophiles, recently, tremendous advances have been made in the unconventional disconnection exploiting common carboxylic acids by a decarbonylation/transmetalation pathway. This manifold (1) permits one to take advantage of carboxylic acids as a ubiquitous class of substrates in organic synthesis that are derived from an orthogonal pool of precursors to aryl halides and pseudohalides and (2) combines the benefits of the palladium-catalyzed C(sp2)-C(sp) coupling of terminal alkynes with the inherent presence of the carboxylic acid moiety in pharmaceuticals, natural products and organic materials. In this highlight article, we summarize the recent progress in the decarbonylative Sonogashira cross-coupling of carboxylic acid electrophiles to produce arylalkynes and conjugated enynes as a novel avenue for chemical synthesis, whereby a large number of chemical reactions critically rely on transformations of alkynes. This journal is

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-222
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic Chemistry Frontiers
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry

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