Degradation of α-synuclein by proteasome

M. Catherine Bennett, John F. Bishop, Yan Leng, P. Boon Chock, Thomas N. Chase, M Maral Mouradian

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348 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutations in α-synuclein are known to be associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). The coexistence of this neuronal protein with ubiquitin and proteasome subunits in Lewy bodies in sporadic disease suggests that alterations of α-synuclein catabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of PD. The degradation pathway of α-synuclein has not been identified nor has the kinetics of this process been described. We investigated the degradation kinetics of both wild-type and A53T mutant 6XHis-tagged α-synuclein in transiently transfected SHSY5Y cells. Degradation of both isoforms followed first-order kinetics over 24 h as monitored by the pulse-chase method. However, the t( 1/2 ) of mutant α-synuclein was 50% longer than that of the wild-type protein (p < 0.01). The degradation of both recombinant proteins and endogenous α-synuclein in these cells was blocked by the selective proteasome inhibitor β-lactone (40 μM), indicating that both wild-type and A53T mutant α-synuclein are degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. The slower degradation of mutant α-synuclein provides a kinetic basis for its intracellular accumulation, thus favoring its aggregation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33855-33858
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Bennett, M. C., Bishop, J. F., Leng, Y., Chock, P. B., Chase, T. N., & Mouradian, M. M. (1999). Degradation of α-synuclein by proteasome. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(48), 33855-33858. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.274.48.33855