Demographics of disenrollment from SCHIP: Evidence from NJ KidCare

Jane E. Miller, Dorothy Gaboda, Joel C. Cantor, Tami M. Videon, Yamalis Diaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) provides health insurance coverage for children in low-income families. Although there is evidence of substantial disenrollment from SCHIP, few studies have examined how disenrollment varies by demographic characteristics. This study uses data from administrative records of all 41,881 children enrolled prior to April 2000 in NJ KidCare (New Jersey's SCHIP) separate state plans for families with incomes between 133% and 350% of the Federal Poverty Level. Survival methods were used to analyze disenrollment according to demographic and plan characteristics. Reasons for disenrollment were also studied. Overall, 18.9% of children disenrolled within 12 months of enrollment. Disenrollment was higher among non-Hispanic black children, children aged 1 to 5, and children without siblings in NJ KidCare than among their counterparts. Surprisingly, English speakers had the highest disenrollment rate of all language groups. Children in families with moderate income categories for whom premium contributions were required were 3 times as likely as lower-income children to disenroll, principally due to non-payment of premiums. To maximize retention in SCHIP and ensure access to care and continuity of care for low-income children, research is needed concerning why some groups disenroll more quickly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-126
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of health care for the poor and underserved
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


  • Blacks
  • Health insurance
  • Program evaluation
  • Socioeconomic factors
  • State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)

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