Study objective: We describe 11 clinical demonstrations of emergency department (ED) and palliative care integration to include traditional consultation services with hospital-based palliative care consultants through advanced integration demonstrations in which the ED provides subspecialty palliative care practice. Methods: An interview guide was developed by the Improving Palliative Care in Emergency Medicine board that consists of emergency clinicians and palliative care practitioners. Structured interviews of 11 program leaders were conducted to describe the following key elements of the ED-palliative care integration, to include structure, function, and process of the programs, as well as strengths, areas of improvement, and any tools or outcome measures developed. Results: In this limited number of programs, a variety of strategies are used to integrate palliative care in the ED, from traditional consultation to well-defined partnerships that include board-certified emergency clinicians in hospice and palliative medicine. Conclusion: A variety of methods to integrate palliative care in the emergency setting have emerged. Few programs collect outcomes-based metrics, and there is a lack of standardization about what metrics are tracked when tracking occurs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine