Deodorants and antiperspirants: identification of new strategies and perspectives to prevent and control malodor and sweat of the body

Erika Oliveira, Danielle S. Salvador, Valéria Holsback, Jemima D. Shultz, Bozena B. Michniak-Kohn, Gislaine R. Leonardi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Excessive sweating and body odors in many cultures can cause negative perceptions of an individual and in many cases is related to poor hygiene. Personal hygiene products have been developed with the intention of preventing these undesirable issues. The aim of this paper is to review the main active ingredients used in marketed deodorant and antiperspirant formulations as well as to identify new strategies and future methods to optimize such products and prevent malodor. PubMed and ScienceDirect databases were used to search for studies reporting the use of deodorants and antiperspirants, the compounds used in the formulations, their mechanisms of action and associated controversies, as well as new trends and approaches in the area. Even today, we are still using well-known and established actives such as triclosan and aluminum salts, and these are still the most used compounds in deodorants with bactericidal and antiperspirant properties. These substances have been on the market for more than 40 years, and still there are many questions concerning the safety of both actives. There is a general increased interest globally for lifestyles that focus on sustainability and more natural products such as plant sources and the use of, for example, essential oils. The research that focuses in the area of antiperspirants and deodorants is now more focused on studies of the armpit biochemistry and function and control of the microbiota present in this area. Other possible areas of interest are biotechnological solutions and finding new compounds that will interfere with the biochemistry of the process of sweat decomposition. Further approaches include formulations with probiotics which would maintain the balance of axillary microbiota.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-619
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of dermatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology


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