Chondroitin sulfates (CSs) and dermatan sulfates (DSs) are enriched in the microenvironment of neural stem cells (NSCs) during development and in the adult neurogenic niche, and have been implicated in mechanisms governing neural precursor migration, proliferation and differentiation. In contrast to previous studies, in which a chondroitinaseABC-dependent unselective deglycosylation of both CSs and DSs was performed, we used chondroitin 4-O-sulfotransferase-1 (Chst11/C4st1)- and dermatan 4-O-sulfotransferase-1 (Chst14/D4st1)-deficient NSCs specific for CSs and DSs, respectively, to investigate the involvement of specific sulfation profiles of CS and DS chains, and thus the potentially distinct roles of CSs and DSs in NSC biology. In comparison to wild-type controls, deficiency for Chst14 resulted in decreased neurogenesis and diminished proliferation of NSCs accompanied by increased expression of GLAST and decreased expression of Mash-1, and an upregulation of the expression of the receptors for fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and epidermal growth factor (EGF). By contrast, deficiency in Chst11 did not influence NSC proliferation, migration or differentiation. These observations indicate for the first time that CSs and DSs play distinct roles in the self-renewal and differentiation of NSCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Chondroitin sulfate
- Dermatan sulfate
- Neural stem cells