Analysis of complementary RNA molecules of junctional regions of rearranged T-cell-receptor-gamma genes show a pattern of conformational polymorphisms which is specific for an individual lymphocytic clone. In a blinded study we analysed formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded histological specimens from gastrointestinal lymphomas and control tissues (lymphomas: pleomorphic T-cell 10, anaplastic large cell [Ki1 + ] 9, centroblastic 5, immunocytoma 1, B-CLL 2, Hodgkin's 2, centroblastic-centrocytic 1, MALT [mucosa associated lymphoid tissue] 1, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia 1, non-lymphoid or polyclonal lymphoid tissues 5). Junctional regions of rearranged TCR-gamma genes were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction and the products were transcribed into cRNA. Conformational patterns of cRNA molecules were analysed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. 13/20 T- lineage lymphomas and the T-cell acute lymphocytic leukaemia displayed a distinct cRNA band pattern, all B-lineage lymphomas and the nonlymphoid control tissues were negative. Only one case of nasopharyngeal (lymphoepithelial, Schmincke-Regaud) carcinoma showed a faint cRNA banding pattern. This novel and non-radioactive assay allows for the rapid detection and molecular characterization of clonal lymphoid populations in minute histological biopsy specimens.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|State||Published - 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- T-cell-receptor genes
- gastrointestinal lymphoma