Zinc oxide (ZnO)-based pastes with tailored rheological properties have been developed for direct-write fabrication of thick-film varistor elements in highly integrated, multifunctional electroceramic devices. Such pastes exhibited pseudo-plastic behavior with a low shear apparent viscosity of roughly 1 × 104 Pa·s. Upon aging, the pastes attained printable, steady-state viscosities of approximately 3 × 102 Pa·s at 10 s-1. Square and rectangular elements were patterned on dense alumina substrates and sintered at varying temperatures between 800° and 1250°C. Varistor elements fired at 900°C exhibited nonlinearity coefficients (α = 30) that were equivalent to high-density (>95%) varistors formed by cold isostatic pressing at 100 MPa (15 ksi) of a similar chemically derived powder heat-treated under analogous conditions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Ceramic Society|
|State||Published - Jan 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry