## Abstract

In this article, we provide a unified and simplified approach to derandomize central results in the area of fault-tolerant graph algorithms. Given a graph G, a vertex pair (s, t) ∈ V (G) × V (G), and a set of edge faults F ⊆ E(G), a replacement path P(s, t, F) is an s-t shortest path in G \F. For integer parameters L, f, a replacement path covering (RPC) is a collection of subgraphs of G, denoted by G_{L,f} = {G_{1},..., G_{r}}, such that for every set F of at most f faults (i.e., |F| ≤ f) and every replacement path P(s, t, F) of at most L edges, there exists a subgraph G_{i} ∈ G_{L,f} that contains all the edges of P and does not contain any of the edges of F. The covering value of the RPC G_{L,f} is then defined to be the number of subgraphs in G_{L,f}. In the randomized setting, it is easy to build an (L, f)RPC with covering value of O(max{L, f}^{min}{L,f^{}}·min{L, f}· log n), but to this date, there is no efficient deterministic algorithm with matching bounds. As noted recently by Alon, Chechik, and Cohen (ICALP 2019) this poses the key barrier for derandomizing known constructions of distance sensitivity oracles and fault-tolerant spanners. We show the following: • There exist efficient deterministic constructions of (L, f)-RPCs whose covering values almost match the randomized ones, for a wide range of parameters. Our time and value bounds improve considerably over the previous construction of Parter (DISC 2019). Our algorithms are based on the introduction of a novel notion of hash families that we call Hit and Miss hash families. We then show how to construct these hash families from (algebraic) error correcting codes such as Reed-Solomon codes and Algebraic-Geometric codes. • For every L, f, and n, there exists an n-vertex graph G whose (L, f)-RPC covering value is Ω(L^{f}). This lower bound is obtained by exploiting connections to the problem of designing sparse fault-tolerant BFS structures. An applications of our above deterministic constructions is the derandomization of the algebraic construction of the distance sensitivity oracle by Weimann and Yuster (FOCS 2010). The preprocessing and query time of our deterministic algorithm nearly match the randomized bounds. This resolves the open problem of Alon, Chechik and Cohen (ICALP 2019). Additionally, we show a derandomization of the randomized construction of vertex fault-tolerant spanners by Dinitz and Krauthgamer (PODC 2011) and Braunschvig et al. (Theor. Comput. Sci., 2015). The time complexity and the size bounds of the output spanners nearly match the randomized counterparts.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Title of host publication | ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2021 |

Editors | Daniel Marx |

Publisher | Association for Computing Machinery |

Pages | 704-723 |

Number of pages | 20 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781611976465 |

State | Published - 2021 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 32nd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2021 - Alexandria, Virtual, United States Duration: Jan 10 2021 → Jan 13 2021 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms |
---|

### Conference

Conference | 32nd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2021 |
---|---|

Country/Territory | United States |

City | Alexandria, Virtual |

Period | 1/10/21 → 1/13/21 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Software
- Mathematics(all)