Development and performance of diopside based glass-ceramic sealants for solid oxide fuel cells

Ashutosh Goel, Dilshat U. Tulyaganov, Maria J. Pascual, Essam R. Shaaban, Francisco Muñoz, Zhe Lü, José M.F. Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the development and performance of diopside (CaMgSi2O6) based glass-ceramic (GC) sealants for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Ten glass compositions were prepared by various additions and substitutions of La2O3, Cr2O3 and B2O3 in diopside system. The structure of the glasses has been investigated by employing 29Si, 27Al and 11B MAS-NMR spectroscopy. The crystallization kinetics of the glasses has been investigated using differential thermal analysis (DTA) while X-ray diffraction (XRD) in conjunction with Rietveld-RIR technique has been employed to quantify the amount of crystalline and amorphous phases in the GCs. Hot-stage microscopy (HSM) has been used to investigate the influence of La2O3 and B2O3 on the sintering behavior of the glass powders. The joining and chemical interaction of the B2O3 and La2O3-containing glasses with Crofer22 APU and Sanergy HT (metallic interconnects for SOFC), has been investigated in humidified reducing atmosphere at SOFC operating temperature while the leak rate of GC sealants has been investigated using oxygen pump leak rate method. The suitable sintering and crystallization behavior of the GCs along with good adhesion to interconnect alloys and low leak rate indicate that the investigated GCs are suitable candidates for further experimentation as SOFC sealants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1070-1080
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume356
Issue number20-22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • Aluminosilicates
  • Borosilicates
  • Crystallization
  • Glass ceramics
  • NMR, MAS-NMR and NQR
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Sealant
  • Sintering
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • X-ray diffraction

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