Development of a standard reference material for Cr(vi) in contaminated soil

Stuart J. Nagourney, Stephen A. Wilson, Brian Buckley, H. M.Skip Kingston, Shen Yi Yang, Stephen E. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last several decades, considerable contamination by hexavalent chromium has resulted from the land disposal of Chromite Ore Processing Residue (COPR). COPR contains a number of hexavalent chromium-bearing compounds that were produced in high temperature industrial processes. Concern over the carcinogenic potential of this chromium species, and its environmental mobility, has resulted in efforts to remediate these waste sites. To provide support to analytical measurements of hexavalent chromium, a candidate National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material® (SRM 2701), having a hexavalent chromium content of approximately 500 mg kg -1, has been developed using material collected from a waste site in Hudson County, New Jersey, USA. The collection, processing, preparation and preliminary physico-chemical characterization of the material are discussed. A two-phase multi-laboratory testing study was carried out to provide data on material homogeneity and to assess the stability of the material over the duration of the study. The study was designed to incorporate several United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) determinative methods for hexavalent chromium, including Method 6800 which is based on speciated isotope dilution mass spectrometry (SIDMS), an approach which can account for chromium species inter-conversion during the extraction and measurement sequence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1550-1554
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of analytical atomic spectrometry
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

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