Development of the nano-HEB array for low-background far-IR applications

Boris S. Karasik, Sergey V. Pereverzev, David Olaya, Michael E. Gershenson, Robin Cantor, Jonathan H. Kawamura, Peter K. Day, Bruce Bumble, Henry G. Leduc, Steve P. Monacos, Dennis G. Harding, Daniel Santavicca, Faustin Carter, Daniel E. Prober

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Scopus citations


We present an overview of the recent progress made in the development of a far-IR array of ultrasensitive hot-electron nanobolometers (nano-HEB) made from thin titanium (Ti) films. We studied electrical noise, signal and noise bandwidth, single-photon detection, optical noise equivalent power (NEP), and a microwave SQUID (MSQUID) based frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) scheme. The obtained results demonstrate the very low electrical NEP down to 1.5×10-20 W/Hz1/2 at 50 mK determined by the dominating phonon noise. The NEP increases with temperature as ∼ T 3 reaching ∼ 10-17 W/Hz1/2 at the device critical temperature TC = 330-360 mK. Optical NEP = 8.6×10 -18 W/Hz1/2 at 357 mK and 1.4×10-18 W/Hz1/2 at 100 mK respectively, agree with thermal and electrical data. The optical coupling efficiency provided by a planar antenna was greater than 50%. Single 8-μm photons have been detected for the first time using a nano-HEB operating at 50-200 mK thus demonstrating a potential of these detectors for future photon-counting applications in mid-IR and far-IR. In order to accommodate the relatively high detector speed (∼ μs at 300 mK, ∼ 100 μs at 100 mK), an MSQUID based FDM multiplexed readout with GHz carrier frequencies has been built. Both the readout noise ∼ 2 pA/Hz1/2 and the bandwidth > 150 kHz are suitable for nano-HEB detectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy V
StatePublished - 2010
EventMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy V - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 29 2010Jul 2 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy V
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • FIR detector
  • antenna-coupled
  • hot-electron
  • nanobolometer
  • single-photon


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