Uptake of the dipeptide L-carnosine was measured in everted intestinal sleeves of mice whose dietary protein level or else proportion of protein in the form of free amino acids was varied experimentally. Carnosine uptake was highest in the jejunum, regardless of ration. Compared with a low-protein (18%) ration, a high-protein (72%) ration stimulated carnosine uptake by 30-70% in duodenum and jejunum (but not in ileum). This stimulation was observed even in the presence of peptidase inhibitors that inhibit cell surface hydrolysis of dipeptides. Measured carnosine hydrolysis was low or negligible. Carnosine uptake was the same in mice fed 54% unhydrolyzed casein, 54% partly hydrolyzed casein and 54% free amino acids formulated so as to simulate a complete hydrolysate of casein. Thus carnosine uptake is regulated by dietary levels of amino acids, peptides, and proteins, all of which seem equally effective at inducing carnosine transporters.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|State||Published - 1988|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)