Differential effects of hypothyroidism on Na-K-ATPase mRNA a isoforms in the developing rat brain

Sukanya Chaudhury, Manisha Bajpai, Sumita Bhattacharya

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In the developing rat cerebrum, the level of different isoforms of Na-K-ATPase mRNA increases significantly during the first three postnatal weeks, which represent the critical period of synaptogenesis and myelination - the two thyroid hormone-sensitive maturational events. To determine the possible functional relationship of these isoforms with maturational events in the developing brain and their mode of regulation by T3, we have examined the effect of hypothyroidism on the expression of the different α - isoforms (αl, α2, and α3) of Na-K-ATPase mRNA covering the first 3 wk of postnatal development. Quantitation of these mRNAs from cerebra of 1-, 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-d-old normal and hypothyroid rats by Northern blot analysis indicate that α3 mRNA is not only predominantly expressed throughout this entire period of study but also represents the species which is most severely affected in the hypothyroid brain. The relative sensitivity for the expression of these mRNAs to T3 were α3> αl> α2. These results, together with the report of predominant expression of the α3 isoform in neuronal cells, suggest specific functional involvement of this isoform with the decisive maturational events in the rat brain. Kinetic studies on in vivo induction of Na-K-ATPase α-mRNAs by T3 in the 15-d-old hypothyroid rat shows clear stimulation of all the isoforms within 1 h of the administration of the optimal dose (200 μg T3/100 g body wt) suggesting a direct, possibly transcriptional effect of the hormone on the expression of these genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-234
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


  • Cerebrum
  • Hypothyroid
  • Na-K-ATPase
  • Thyroid hormone
  • mRNA isoforms


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