Differential effects of progesterone and genital stimulation on sequential inhibition of estrous behavior and progesterone receptor expression in the rat brain

Madaí A. Gómez-Camarillo, Carlos Beyer, Rosa Angélica Lucio, Marcos García-Juárez, Aliesha González-Arenas, Ignacio Camacho-Arroyo, Barry R. Komisaruk, Oscar González-Flores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of genital stimulation, either by vaginocervical stimulation (VCS) using a calibrated vaginal probe combined with manual flank stimulation (FS), or by mounts performed by the male, on the hypothalamus and preoptic area concentration of the progesterone receptors A (PR-A) and B (PR-B) was assessed in ovariectomized (ovx) estrogen-primed rats. VCS/FS or stimulation provided by male mounts, even without intromission, significantly decreased PR-B concentration in the hypoythalamus. Down regulation of PR produced by genital stimulation was quantitatively similar to that elicited by progesterone (P) administration. Bilateral or unilateral transection of the pelvic or the pudendal nerves prevented down regulation elicited by VCS/FS. Repeated VCS/FS elicited lordosis behavior in most ovx estrogen primed rats, but the lordosis intensity was lower than that observed in response to P. P administered to ovx estrogen primed rats, induced sequential inhibition, i.e., failure to display estrous behavior in response to a second P injection (24 h after the initial P injection). VCS/FS failed to elicit sequential inhibition, since rats responded with normal estrous behavior to the second injection of P. This suggests that down regulation by VCS, by contrast with P, failed to inhibit the subpopulation of PR involved in the facilitation of estrous behavior by P.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume85
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • Mating
  • Pelvic nerve
  • Progesterone receptors
  • Pudendal nerve
  • Sequential inhibition

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