Differential mechanisms of nuclear receptor regulation by receptor- associated coactivator 3

Christopher Leo, Hui Li, J. Don Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Steroid and nuclear receptor coactivators (NCoAs) have been implicated in the regulation of nuclear receptor function by enhancing ligand-dependent transcriptional activation of target gene expression. We have previously isolated receptor-associated coactivator 3 (RAC3), which belongs to the steroid receptor coactivator family. In this study, we investigated the differential mechanisms by which RAC3 interacts with and modulates the transcriptional activity of different nuclear receptors. We found that the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and estrogen receptor β interact with different α- helical LXXLL motifs of RAC3. Peptides corresponding to these motifs have diverse affinities for the VDR and estrogen receptor β, and mutation of specific motifs differentially impairs the ability of RAC3 to interact with these receptors in vitro. Consequently, these mutations inhibit the enhancement of transcriptional activation by these receptors in vivo. Furthermore, we found that the activation function-2 (AF-2) domain of the retinoid X receptor interferes with RAC3 binding to a DNA-bound VDR/retinoid X receptor (RXR) heterodimer, whereas the VDR AF-2 domain is required for this interaction. These results suggest a receptor-specific binding preference for the different LXXLL motifs of RAC3, which may provide flexibility for RAC3 to differentially regulate the function of different nuclear receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5976-5982
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 25 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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