Differential reinforcement to decrease stereotypy exhibited by an adult with autism spectrum disorder

Courtney Butler, Ashley Kobylarz, Christeen Zaki-Scarpa, Robert H. LaRue, Christopher Manente, Sung Woo Kahng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Motor and vocal stereotypies are behaviors commonly exhibited by individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Stereotypy may impede and interfere with learning new skills and decrease work performance in employment settings. Previous research has evaluated effective interventions for stereotypy; however, they have typically focused on treating stereotypy exhibited by children in structured settings. We evaluated the practicality of implementing a simple differential reinforcement of other behavior procedure with an adult with ASD in multiple, naturalistic environments. Results showed rapid decreases in motor and vocal stereotypies upon implementation of the intervention and maintenance of low levels of behavior. These data highlighted the successful treatment of stereotypy exhibited by an adult with a long history of exhibiting these behaviors. Treatment effects were replicated across multiple, naturalistic environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioral Interventions
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • adult
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • differential reinforcement
  • stereotypy

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