Differential sensitivity of Pak5, Pak6, and Pak5/Pak6 double-knockout mice to the stimulant effects of amphetamine and exercise-induced alterations in body weight

Melody A. Furnari, Michelle L. Jobes, Tanya Nekrasova, Audrey Minden, George C. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: PAK5 and PAK6 are protein kinases highly expressed in the brain. Previously, we observed that Pak6 knockout mice gained significantly more weight during development than Pak5 knockout mice as well as wild-type controls and double-knockout mice lacking both Pak5 and Pak6. In this study, we assessed the effects of exercise on food intake and weight gain of these mice as well as their sensitivity to the stimulant effects of amphetamine. Methods: Mice of each genotype were placed in cages with free access to run wheel exercise or in cages without run wheels for a total of 74 days. Food and fluid intake as well as body weight of each mouse were measured on a weekly basis. Finally, mice were given a high dose of amphetamine and activity levels were observed immediately thereafter for 90 minutes. Brains and testes of mice were assayed for protein levels of the estrogen alpha and progesterone receptors. Results: While run wheel mice consumed significantly more food, they weighed less than non-run wheel mice. In addition, although Pak6 knockout mice consumed the same amount of food as wild-type mice, they were significantly heavier regardless of run wheel condition. Pak5 knockout mice were found to be more active than other genotypes after amphetamine treatment. Finally, protein levels of the progesterone and estrogen alpha receptors were altered in brain and testes of the Pak6 knockout mice. Discussion: Collectively, these data suggest that PAK6 play a role in weight gain unrelated to exercise and caloric intake and that Pak5 knockout mice are more sensitive to the stimulant effects of amphetamine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalNutritional Neuroscience
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Neuroscience
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • Amphetamine
  • Body weight
  • Exercise
  • PAK
  • Run wheel

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