Transmission of extra genome chromosomes by three Vaccinium ashei (2n=6x=72)/V. corymbosum (2n=4x=48) pentaploid hybrids backcrossed to the hexaploid species V. ashei was examined. Chromosome numbers were determined for 36 and 31 progeny representing 5x × 6x and 6x × 5x type crosses, respectively. Chromosome numbers ranged from hypopentaploid (2n=4x+11=59) to hexaploid with means of 2n=66.2 for 5x × 6x progeny and 2n=68.0 for 6x × 5x progeny, representing overall extra genome chromosome gains of 3.3% and 33.3%, respectively. Extra chromosome number distributions for both the 5x × 6x and x × 5x progeny deviated significantly from the theoretical distribution assuming random chromosome transmission and were also found to be heterogeneous. The 2n=5x+9=69 class predominated in 6x × 5x progeny, while a predominate class was lacking in the 5x × 6x progeny. Higher than expected frequencies of plants with chromosome numbers near the pentaploid and hexaploid levels were found in the 5x × 6x progeny, whereas the frequency was only greater at the hexaploid number in 6x × 5x progeny. Present and previous results (Vorsa et al. 1986) indicate that extra genome chromosome transmission in oddploids can be influenced by selection at both gametophytic (pollen) and post-zygotic stages. However, post-zygotic selection may involve two different mechanisms acting concurrently: 1) chromosome imbalance due to aneuploidy and/or 2) endosperm imbalance referring to maternal: paternal genome ratios deviating from 2:1. Such a mechanism could result in differential transmission rates of extra genome chromosomes in oddploids when crosses are made to differing ploidy levels, and to reciprocal differences as well.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Extrachromosome transmission
- Pentaploid hybrid