Direct and indirect effects of looming cognitive style via social cognitions on social anxiety, depression, and hostility

John H. Riskind, Esther Calvete, Zahira Gonzalez, Izaskun Orue, Evan M. Kleiman, Golan Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on the looming vulnerability model, we hypothesized that mental simulations of scenarios rapidly intensifying and heading in a more threatening direction, as assessed by the looming cognitive style (LCS; Riskind, Williams, Theodore, Chrosniak, & Cortina, 2000), would have effects on social anxiety. Moreover, we expected that these simulations could affect social anxiety through both a direct and an indirect route mediated by verbal social cognitions. Consistent with these hypotheses, structural equations analyses on data from Spanish university and professional students (N = 547) indicated direct and indirect links between looming cognitive style and social anxiety. In addition, similar but smaller effects of looming cognitive style were found on depression symptoms, and a small indirect effect of looming cognitive style was found to be hostility. Together, these findings are consistent with the view that dynamic simulations of patterns of dynamic changes and Based on the looming vulnerability model, we hypothesized that mental simulations of scenarios rapidly intensifying and heading in a more threatening direction, as assessed by the looming cognitive style (LCS; Riskind, Williams, Theodore, Chrosniak, & Cortina, 2000), would have effects on social anxiety. Moreover, we expected that these simulations could affect social anxiety through both a direct and an indirect route mediated by verbal social cognitions. Consistent with these hypotheses, structural equations analyses on data from Spanish university and professional students (N = 547) indicated direct and indirect links between looming cognitive style and social anxiety. In addition, similar but smaller effects of looming cognitive style were found on depression symptoms, and a small indirect effect of looming cognitive style was found to be hostility. Together, these findings are consistent with the view that dynamic simulations of patterns of dynamic changes and forward progress of threat play an import role in social anxiety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-85
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Cognitive Therapy
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Direct and indirect effects of looming cognitive style via social cognitions on social anxiety, depression, and hostility'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this