Direct detection of insertion/deletion polymorphisms in an autosomal region by analyzing high-density markers in individual spermatozoa

Sreemanta Pramanik, Honghua Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphisms requires sample homozygosity. For the indel polymorphisms that have the deletion allele with a relatively low frequency in the autosomal regions, direct PCR detection becomes difficult or impossible. The present study is, to our knowledge, the first designed to directly detect indel polymorphisms in a human autosomal region (i.e., the immunoglobulin VH region), through use of single haploid sperm cells as subjects. Unique marker sequences (n = 32), spaced at ∼5-kb intervals, were selected near the 3′ end of the VH region. A two-round multiplex PCR protocol was used to amplify these sequences from single sperm samples from nine unrelated healthy donors. The parental haplotypes of the donors were determined by examining the presence or absence of these markers. Seven clustered markers in 6 of the 18 haplotypes were missing and likely represented a 35-40-kb indel polymorphism. The genotypes of the donors, with respect to this polymorphism, perfectly matched the expectation under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Three VH gene segments, of which two are functional, are affected by this polymorphism. According to these results, >10% of individuals in the human population may not have these gene segments in their genome, and ∼44% may have only one copy of these gene segments. The biological impact of this polymorphism would be very interesting to study. The approach used in the present study could be applied to understand the physical structure and diversity of all other autosomal regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1342-1352
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume71
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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