Disagreeing about how to know: The instructional value of explorations into knowing

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Abstract

Events worldwide have heightened concerns that education is failing to prepare students for a “post-truth” world. A core “post-truth” challenge is the prevalence of deep epistemic disagreements: people fundamentally disagree about appropriate ways of knowing. We provide a new analysis of deep epistemic disagreements and propose an educational response based on the Apt-AIR framework of the goals of epistemic education. An apt response to deep epistemic disagreements requires that people develop individual and collective abilities to make epistemic assumptions visible, to justify and negotiate these assumptions, and to develop shared commitments to appropriate standards and processes of reasoning. To develop these meta-epistemic abilities, we propose a cluster of instructional practices and principles called explorations into knowing. We discuss empirical research showing that teachers and students can meaningfully engage in explorations into knowing and productively discuss their deep epistemic disagreements. These proposals lead to new research directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-180
Number of pages14
JournalEducational Psychologist
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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