Discovering Argumentative Patterns in Energy Polylogues: A Macroscope for Argument Mining

Elena Musi, Mark Aakhus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A macroscope is proposed and tested here for the discovery of the unique argumentative footprint that characterizes how a collective (e.g., group, online community) manages differences and pursues disagreement through argument in a polylogue. The macroscope addresses broader analytic problems posed by various conceptualizations of large-scale argument, such as fields, spheres, communities, and institutions. The design incorporates a two-tier methodology for detecting argument patterns of the arguments performed in arguing by an interactive collective that produces views, or topographies, of the ways that issues are generated in the making and defending of standpoints. The design premises for the macroscope build on insights about argument patterns from pragma-dialectical theory by incorporating research and theory on disagreement management and the Argumentum Model of Topics. The design reconceptualizes prototypical and stereotypical argument patterns for characterizing large-scale argumentation. A prototype of the macroscope is tested on data drawn from six threads about oil-drilling and fracking from the subreddit Changemyview. The implementation suggests the efficacy of the macroscope’s design and potential for identifying what communities make controversial and how the disagreement space in a polylogue is managed through stereotypical argument patterns in terms of claims/premises, inferential relations, and presentational devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-430
Number of pages34
JournalArgumentation
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Philosophy
  • Linguistics and Language

Keywords

  • Argument mining
  • Change my view
  • Computational methods
  • Discourse analysis
  • Reddit
  • Text analytics

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