Flow cytometry was used to compare intracellular calcium mobilization in mature neutrophilic granulocytes (PMN) with HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells induced to differentiate with dibutyryl cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (dbcAMP). Using the calcium-specific probe indo-1 acetoxymethyl ester, we found that the ability of differentiating HL-60 cells to mobilize calcium in response to N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) developed concomitantly with expression of receptors on the cells for this peptide. Mobilization of calcium in HL-60 cells, as well as in PMN, in response to fMLP was dose dependent and was related to the presence of calcium in the culture medium. In calcium-free medium, tenfold higher concentrations of fMLP were required to induce calcium mobilization than in calcium-containing medium. In HL-60 cells, calcium mobilization occurred more rapidly than in PMN and was independent of extracellular calcium. Furthermore, the response of HL-60 cells to fMLP was more prolonged than the response of PMN and was also of greater magnitude. Calcium mobilization in both HL-60 cells and PMN was partially inhibited by the calcium channel blocker, verapamil, but completely blocked by trimethylbenzoic acid 8-(diethylamino) octyl ester, an intracellular calcium antagonist. These results indicate that although both cell types mobilize calcium in response to fMLP, the characteristics of the responses are distinct. These differences may underlie distinct functional responses of PMN and differentiated HL-60 cells to fMLP.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Cell Biology
- HL-60 cells