Distribution of two-pore-domain potassium channels in the adult rat vestibular periphery

Paul Popper, John Winkler, Christy B. Erbe, Alexandara Lerch-Gaggl, Wolfgang Siebeneich, P. Ashley Wackym

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Constitutively active background or "leak" two-pore-domain potassium (K+) channels (Kcnk family), as defined by lack of voltage and time dependency are central to electrical excitability of cells by controlling resting membrane potential and membrane resistance. Inhibition of these channels by several neurotransmitters, e.g. glutamate, or acetylcholine, induces membrane depolarization and subsequent action potential firing as well as increases membrane resistance amplifying responses to synaptic inputs. In contrast, their opening contributes to hyperpolarization. Because of their central role in determining cellular excitability and response to synaptic stimulation, these channels likely play a role in the differential effects of vestibular efferent neurons on afferent discharge. Microarray data from previous experiments showed Kcnk 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 15 mRNA in Scarpa's ganglia. Real-time RT-PCR showed Kcnk 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 15 mRNA expression in Scarpa's ganglia and Kcnk 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 but not 15 mRNA expression in the crista ampullaris. We studied the distribution of two-pore-domain potassium channels K2P1.1, 2.1, 3.1 and 6.1 like immunoreactivity (corresponding to Kcnk genes 1, 2, 3 and 6) in the vestibular periphery. K2P1.1 (TWIK 1) immunoreactivity was detected along nerve terminals, supporting cells and blood vessels of the crista ampullaris and in the cytoplasm of neurons of the Scarpa's ganglia. K2P2.1 (TREK 1) immunoreactivity was detected in nerve terminals and transitional cells of the crista ampullaris, in the vestibular dark cells and in neuronal fibers and somata of neurons of Scarpa's ganglia. K2P3.1 (TASK 1) immunoreactivity was detected in supporting cells and transitional cells of the crista ampullaris, in vestibular dark cells and in neuron cytoplasm within Scarpa's ganglia. K2P6.1 (TWIK 2) immunoreactivity was detected in nerve terminals, blood vessels hair cells and transitional cells of the crista ampullaris and in the somata and neuron fibers of Scarpa's ganglia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalHearing Research
Volume246
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sensory Systems

Keywords

  • 2P-domain K channel
  • Confocal microscopy
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Inner ear
  • Kcnk
  • Real-time RT-PCR
  • Vestibular

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