Partial hepatectomy (PH) of rats (Wistar strain) resulted in acceleration of DNA synthesis in liver which reached a maximum at 36 h after PH. Whole-body radiation exposure (10 Gy) of the rats at 12 h after PH completely arrested this stimulation in DNA synthesis. The elevation of DNA synthetic rate in response to PH and complete obliteration of this stimulation by whole-body radiation exposure were found to be the reflection of levels of DNA polymerase-alpha in nuclei and nuclear matrices isolated from the rat livers. Studies based on assays of DNA polymerase in nuclei and nuclear matrices, with and without exogenous DNA template (activated calf thymus DNA), revealed that whole-body irradiation blocked induction of DNA polymerase-alpha and, in turn, assembling of DNA polymerizing apparatus. Irradiation of nuclei (suspended in buffer) in vitro at doses as high as 500 Gy did not have any inhibitory effect on DNA polymerase-alpha activitiy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Environmental Science