Several randomized trials have established that timely mechanical reperfusion with the use of balloon angioplasty is superior to thrombolytic therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Furthermore, recent data from prospective randomized trials suggest that primary stent implantation may further improve the results of balloon angioplasty by reducing the need for repeat interventions at follow-up. The role of IIb- IIIa platelet receptor antagonists as adjunctive therapy to catheter-based coronary interventions in acute myocardial infarction is promising, but the incremental benefit that these agents add to stent implantation awaits the results of dedicated randomized trials. Mechanical thrombolysis or thrombectomy devices may have a role in a minority of patients with large thrombus burden.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine