Do White Law Enforcement Officers Target Minority Suspects?

Charles E. Menifield, Geiguen Shin, Logan Strother

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


The debate over possible bias in the use of deadly force has recently been exacerbated by highly publicized killings of African American males around the country. While much research has been conducted examining police behavior, little has been done to investigate the impact of race on police behavior. This article aims to answer this question: are white police officers more likely to use lethal force on minority suspects or people of a specific race? To answer this question, the authors construct a data set of all confirmed uses of lethal force by police officers in the United States in 2014 and 2015. They find that although minority suspects are disproportionately killed by police, white officers appear to be no more likely to use lethal force against minorities than nonwhite officers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-68
Number of pages13
JournalPublic Administration Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Marketing


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