Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Coronary artery disease is the most common form of atherosclerotic CVD, and although risk assessment may identify individuals at high risk for cardiovascular events, about 50% of men and 64% of women who die suddenly of coronary heart disease have no prior symptoms. The identification of asymptomatic patients with subclinical atherosclerosis or CVD risk is important to intensify lifestyle changes and therapy of modifiable risk factors. In this brief review, we examine the use of echocardiography and ultrasonography of the carotid arteries in the assessment of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic persons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Carotid Intima-media thickness
- Risk assessment