Domain specific effects of central traits in impression formation

Warren A. Reich, Suchismita Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a procedure similar to that used in Asch's classic studies in 1946, 125 college students (54 men and 71 women, M age=20.9 yr., SD=4.8) rated their impression of a hypothetical man or woman who was described by seven stimulus traits. This list included one of four central traits which appeared in the middle of the list: warm, cold, serious, or foolish. The dependent measures were factor scores derived from participants' ratings of 20 traits on social desirability and intellectual desirability. As hypothesized, warm and cold, prototypes of social desirability and undesirability, were associated with judgments of social but not intellectual desirability, and serious and foolish, prototypes of intellectual desirability and undesirability, were associated with judgments of intellectual but not social desirability, In addition, there was evidence of a subtle sex bias: ratings of "foolish" women were higher on social desirability than ratings of "foolish" men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-891
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological reports
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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