We have investigated mechanisms of mitochondrial targeting of the phenobarbital-inducible hepatic mitochondrial P450MT4, which cross-reacts with antibody to microsomal P4502B1. Results show that P4502B1 and P450MT4 have identical primary sequence but different levels of phosphorylation and secondary structure. We demonstrate that P4502B1 contains a chimeric mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) targeting signal at its N-terminus. Inducers of cAMP and protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation of P4502B1 at Ser128 activate the signal for mitochondrial targeting and modulate its mitochondrial or ER destination. S128A mutation inhibits in vitro mitochondrial transport and also in vivo mitochondrial targeting in COS cells. A fragment of P4502B1 containing the N-terminal signal and the phosphorylation site could drive the transport of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) into mitochondria. Ser128 phosphorylation reduced the affinity of 2B1 protein for binding to SRP, but increased the affinity of the 2B1-DHFR fusion protein for binding to yeast mitochondrial translocase proteins, TOM40 and TIM44, and matrix Hsp70. We describe a novel regulatory mechanism by which cAMP modulates the targeting of a protein to two distinct organelles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Chimeric signal
- Mitochondrial targeting
- Protein phosphorylation