Dynamic force feedback in a virtual knee palpation

Noshir A. Langrana, Grigore Burdea, Kenneth Lange, Daniel Gomez, Sonal Deshpande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


A virtual model of a knee joint with muscles, ligaments and bones has been developed. This model includes realistic 3-D surface deformation and tissue stiffnesses. Tissue and bone deformation (palpation) produces real time force feedback to the user hand wearing a DataGlove and Rutgers Master. Collision detection algorithms determine when and where the virtual hand palpates the surface model. This user interaction with the muscles and bones of a human knee model may be used as a training and planning tool for knee surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-333
Number of pages13
JournalArtificial Intelligence In Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Artificial Intelligence


  • Biomechanics
  • Bones
  • Compliance
  • Force feedback
  • Knee joint
  • Muscles
  • Object model
  • Simulation
  • Virtual Reality


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