Dynamic Penetration of Surfactant into an Insoluble Monolayer

Q. Jiang, C. J. O'Lenick, J. E. Valentini, Y. C. Chiew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


We studied the dynamics of adsorption/desorption of soluble surfactant (C12E6) into an insoluble n-dodecyl p-toluenesulfonate (DTS) monolayer at an air/water interface through stress relaxation experiments. The resulting surface tension changes due to a small imposed surface area disturbance, as a function of time, are measured using a capillary wave probe. We derived two theoretical models for this insoluble/soluble mixed surfactant system. The first assumss that adsorption/desorption of surfactant molecules in the presence of an insoluble monolayer is controlled by diffusive matter interchange between bulk and surface, while the second assumss that adsorption/desorption of the soluble component is controlled by an energy barrier mechanism due to the insoluble monolayer. It is found that measured stress relaxation experimental data are in good agreement with the diffusion-controlled model. Both the diffusion characteristic frequency, coo, and high-frequency limit surface modulus, eo, were found to increase with increasing surface concentration of the insoluble monolayer. The increase in coo, or the surface relaxation rate, is shown to be related to the static property where πi, σ2, and C2 represent the surface concentrations of DTS and Ci2Ee and the bulk concentration 01 C12E6, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1138-1144
Number of pages7
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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