Dynamical versus equilibrium properties of the QCD phase transition: A holographic perspective

Romulo Rougemont, Renato Critelli, Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler, Jorge Noronha, Claudia Ratti

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We employ an Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton (EMD) holographic model, which is known to be in good agreement with lattice results for the QCD equation of state with (2+1) flavors and physical quark masses, to investigate the temperature and baryon chemical potential dependence of the susceptibilities, conductivities, and diffusion coefficients associated with baryon, electric, and strangeness conserved charges. We also determine how the bulk and shear viscosities of the plasma vary in the plane of temperature and baryon chemical potential. The diffusion of conserved charges and the hydrodynamic viscosities in a baryon rich quark-gluon plasma are found to be suppressed with respect to the zero net baryon case. The transition temperatures associated with equilibrium and non-equilibrium quantities are determined as a function of the baryon chemical potential for the first time. Because of the crossover nature of the QCD phase transition even at moderately large values of the chemical potential, we find that the transition temperatures associated with different quantities are spread in the interval between 130-200 MeV and they all decrease with increasing baryon chemical potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014032
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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