Determined whether attributions made by 11 sportswriters for success or failure and for expected or unexpected outcomes of 16 games of 11 teams of the National Football League would change over time and over repeated observations. Hometown newspaper articles were coded by 12 trained undergraduates. Data showed that situational factors that led to differences in the type (locus and stability) of attributions being made decreased in strength with the passage of time and with repeated observations, but factors that motivated the attribution process may have increased with time. A causal model analysis showed some evidence that consistency forces affected the attribution process, but only after a prior win. The causal model also suggested that internal attributions for the outcome of a prior game predicted a team's doing better than expected in the subsequent game. (25 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Psychology
- Sociology and Political Science