EEG effect of basal forebrain neuropeptide Y administration in urethane anaesthetized rats

Attila Tóth, László Záborszky, László Détári

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13 Scopus citations


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is present both in local neurons as well as in fibers in the basal forebrain (BF), an area that plays an important role in the regulation of cortical activation. In previous studies, NPY axons were found to innervate corticopetal cholinergic cells in this area. In addition, identified NPY positive neurons have been shown to be silent during cortical activation, but active during slow EEG waves. However, no in vivo studies have shown the effect of local NPY release in the BF on the EEG. In the present experiments, the EEG was examined following NPY injection (0.5 μl, 300-500 pmol) into the BF of urethane-anaesthetized rats. Fronto-parietal EEG was recorded on both sides and relative EEG power was calculated in the delta (0-3 Hz), theta (3-9 Hz), alpha (9-16 Hz) and beta (16-48 Hz) frequency bands. We found a significant increase in relative delta power and a decrease in the power of all higher frequency bands (theta, alpha, beta) after NPY injection. These results suggest that NPY can inhibit cortical activation via the BF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 15 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)


  • Basal forebrain
  • Cholinergic cells
  • Cortical activation
  • EEG
  • Neuropeptide Y


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