Effect of biorational fungicides on in vitro growth of Monilinia fructicola

N. Lalancette, K. A. McFarland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biofungicides potassium bicarbonate, Bacillus subtilis, and hydrophobic extract of neem oil were examined in vitro for their efficacy at inhibiting growth of Monilinia fructicola. Petri plates containing potato dextrose agar (PDA) were amended with each biofungicide at six different concentrations in a logarithmic series. Discs of a single-spore isolate of M. fructicola (Mf012) were transferred from PDA cultures to each biofungicide-amended plate. Growth on non-amended agar was used as a control. After four days at 25°C in the dark, the diameter of colony growth was measured. The dependent response variable was calculated as growth on amended agar/growth of the control. Examination of the linear response-log dose curves revealed that all three biofungicides were capable of inhibiting mycelial growth. To quantitatively evaluate efficacy, the logistic decline model was fit to each response-dose curve using nonlinear regression analysis. The effective dose at which growth is inhibited by 50% (ED50) was estimated as 0.086, 0.104, and 3.53 g a.i./L for potassium bicarbonate, B. subtilis, and neem oil, respectively. These results indicate that potassium bicarbonate has the greatest intrinsic efficacy with respect to inhibition of mycelial growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationVIII International Peach Symposium
EditorsP. Inglese, C. Xiloyannis, G. Montanaro
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages563-567
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9789462610798
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2015

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1084
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Keywords

  • Bacillus subtilis
  • Brown rot
  • Effective dose
  • Efficacy
  • Neem oil
  • Peach
  • Potassium bicarbonate
  • Prunus persica

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