Effect of cumulative nearwork on accommodative facility and asthenopia

Rafael Iribarren, Andrea Fornaciarr, George K. Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Purpose: To investigate quantitatively in young adults the relationship between long-term cumulative nearwork, degradation of dynamic accommodative ability and the presence of asthenopic symptoms. Methods: Subjects consisted of 87 young students and office workers between 18 and 31 years of age with uncorrected visual acuity of 20/30 or better in each eye. The amounts of nearwork, dynamic accommodative facility, and level of asthenopic symptoms were measured for each subject. Results: Total cumulative nearwork time was negatively correlated with accommodative facility and positively correlated with the number of asthenopic symptoms. Furthermore, significant correlations were found between total nearwork time and blurred vision, and blurred vision and reduced accommodative facility. Moreover, the sub-category of "hours spent reading over the years" was found to be significantly correlated with decreased accommodative facility. Conclusions: The correlations suggest a relationship between cumulative amount of nearwork, decreased accommodative facility and asthenopia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-212
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


  • Accommodative facility
  • Asthenopia
  • Nearwork

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