Effect of diet on lung structure, connective tissue metabolism and gene expression

D. J. Riley, S. Thakker-Varia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nutritional impairment can adversely affect the respiratory system. The structure of the lung is altered by severe calorie-protein restriction in rodents producing an emphysema-like lesion after several weeks of severe caloric restriction. Biochemical and morphological evidence suggests destruction of collagen and elastin in nutritional emphysema. Impaired lung growth may explain the biochemical changes in growing animals. Although the molecular basis of nutritional emphysema is not known, altered gene expression by nutrients affects several metabolic pathways, and examples of the effects of nutrients on gene expression are given. Nutritional emphysema in animals may be relevant to humans because malnutrition may accelerate the progression of the disease in patients with advanced emphysema.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1657S-1660S
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume125
Issue number6 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • connective tissue
  • emphysema
  • lung function
  • malnutrition
  • starvation

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