The dose-dependent effects of acute ethanol treatment on the prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) receptor in submandibular salivary glands was investigated. Rat submandibular-gland segments were preincubated with Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium in the absence and the presence of various concentrations of ethanol (0.1-5%). After incubation, membranes were prepared and assayed for PGE2 receptor binding using [3H]-PGE2. Ethanol had no effect on receptor binding at concentrations below 1%, but binding was stimulated by higher concentrations. A 30% increase in binding occurred with 2.5% ethanol and 50% with 5% ethanol. This increase was due to an alteration of the binding characteristics. Scatchard analysis of the data from the control and 5% ethanol groups revealed that the ethanol-induced increase in PGE2 receptor binding was mainly due to a 26 and 58% decrease in the dissociation constant (Kd) for the high- and low-affinity binding sites, respectively. A 31% decrease of binding capacity (Bmax) was also observed in the low-affinity binding sites. The results demonstrate that PGE2 receptor binding in submandibular glands is not altered by acute treatment with ethanol at physiological doses. The receptor binding is also relatively stable on pretreatment with 1% ethanol. It is suggested that the increase of receptor binding induced by high concentrations of ethanol may be a spontaneous response to the decrease of PGE2 synthesis in the tissues.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- effect of ethanol
- prostaglandin E
- submandibular salivary glands